Skip to content

    The Revolutionary Role of Memristors in Artificial Intelligence and Neuromorphic Computing

    In the arena of artificial intelligence (AI) and the development of advanced computing systems, memristors have emerged as a potential revolutionary technology. With their unique properties and capabilities, these electronic components are poised to play a crucial role in shaping the future of AI and neuromorphic computing. Experts agree that circuit designs must continue to evolve if computer hardware is to remain a growth industry.

    Person using Chat GBT AI chatbot on their cell phone
    AI Chatbot ChatGBT has drastically changed how people conduct business by replacing or improving daily tasks, or writing business proposals and school papers.

    As software demands increase with the development of the “internet of things,” the hardware must support it. Artificial intelligence still has plenty of room for improvement, and memristors could be the next step in the process. We will explore the significance of memristors and their potential impact on the field as consumers become more comfortable with new technologies such as the recent rise of smart device integration and the first steps toward artificial intelligence with Microsoft’s ChatGPT or Google’s Bard.

    The History of Memristors

    Memristors, short for “memory resistors,” were first theorized by Dr. Leon Chua in 1971, but it was only in 2008 that scientist R. Stanley Williams and his colleagues at HP Labs demonstrated their practical existence with the development of the Williams memristor, which consists of two metal electrodes separated by a thin film of titanium dioxide. Memristors are special types of resistors that can remember the amount of charge that has previously flowed through them and can retain that memory even when the power is turned off. In essence, the titania acts as an individual switch. This memory property allows memristors to store and process information simultaneously while also acting as an electrical insulator, making them ideal for applications in AI and neuromorphic computing.¹

    Taking A.I. to the next level with neuromorphic computing

    Without a doubt, the most significant contribution of memristors to AI lies in their potential to activate advanced neural networks.² Traditional computing architectures rely on separate memory and processing units, resulting in substantial performance congestion and slowdowns. However, memristors have the ability to merge memory and computation, allowing for faster and more efficient processing which is highly suitable for AI algorithms.³

    The memory capability of memristors is akin to the synaptic connections in the human brain. The human brain has many special traits, such as its structural plasticity which refers to the brain’s ability to make physical changes in its structure as a result of learning and experience. By mimicking the brain’s structure and functionality, memristor-based neural networks can process information in a parallel and balanced manner, leading to increased computational power and energy efficiency. The use of memristors in AI systems has the potential to revolutionize tasks such as pattern recognition, natural language processing, and decision-making.

    computer connections overlay on top of human hand with neuromorphic computing
    The merger of man and machine may soon be possible with the rise of neuromorphic computing.

    Neuromorphic computing aims to build computing systems that emulate the structure and behavior of the human brain. Memristors are a crucial component in the development of neuromorphic systems thanks to their ability to emulate synapses. Synapses are the connections between neurons in the brain, responsible for transmitting electrical signals and storing information.

    With the integration of memristors, neuromorphic computers can imitate the adaptive and learning capabilities of the brain. This opens up exciting possibilities for applications such as cognitive robotics, brain-machine interfaces, and intelligent sensors. Memristor-based neuromorphic systems have the potential to process vast amounts of data in real-time, learn from experience, and adapt to changing environments.

    Marty McFly with Doc Brown wearing headset to read Marty's mind
    Doc Brown's dream of reading Marty's thoughts may soon be possible with neuromorphic computing and brain-computer interface technology. Image Credit: Back to the Future, Universal Pictures

    Memristors represent a seismic shift in the field of AI and neuromorphic computing. Their ability to combine memory and computation, while emulating the synaptic behavior of the human brain, unlocks new horizons for advanced computing systems. The integration of memristors in AI can lead to significant advancements in machine learning, while their role in neuromorphic computing can enable the development of brain-inspired intelligent systems. As researchers continue to explore the potential of memristors, we can anticipate groundbreaking advancements in the field of AI and the realization of truly operational cognitive machines.

    Pioneering the future

    Novumnano is leading the way in nanotechnology

    At Novumnano, we are working toward developing the next catalyst in computer processing with the Nano Memristor™. The Nano Memristor™  will allow higher operating speeds to advance AI transactions and apply greater Robotic capacity to both routine operations and advanced mission-critical tasks. Nano Memristor™ allows for fewer components (by combining RAM & hard drive functionality), provides faster & automated decision making (through applied AI & robotics), reduces heating problems and reduces power consumption. Our Nano Memristor™ represents the next generation of the evolution of electronics from resistors to memristors with the ability to manage an input greater than 4 watts. This technology represents the state of the art opportunity to be on the ground floor of future electronics.

    As the world pushes forward with artificial intelligence and a business framework that thrives on analytics, Novumnano aims to be at the forefront of this technology leading the way for future generations to come.


    1. Brian Hayes, “The Memristor,” American Scientist , accessed June 28, 2023,

    2. Strukov, D. B., Snider, G. S., Stewart, D. R., & Williams, R. S. (2008). The missing memristor found. Nature, 453(7191), 80-83.

    3.  Chua, L. (1971). Memristor—the missing circuit element. IEEE Transactions on Circuit Theory, 18(5), 507-519.

    4. Indiveri, G., & Liu, S. C. (2015). Memory and information processing in neuromorphic systems. Proceedings of the IEEE, 7-8. Accessed August 22, 2023,

    5. “Neurons,” Organismal Biology, accessed August 23, 2023,